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Art Workshops 2012

Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia, South Australia,Victoria,Tasmania, New South Wales and Overseas

Art workshops play an essential part in giving art students and indepth knowledge of specialised areas of art. These areas cannot be covered deeply enough in a class situation due to the limitation of time and diversity of students interests. For the years 2011 to 2012 I will be teaching workshops around Australia and will not be teaching weekly art classes


Art Classes and workshops

Testimonial by Student -

For the past 5 years I have been a student with Cynthia Hargraves.  Cynthia is such a knowledgeable and generous teacher, using a very relaxed way of teaching.  She effectively pushes you in a whirlwind of directions, enabling you to experience as many aspects of art possible and thereby find your own niche in the art world.  I have actually found “me” in my years of going to Cynthia’s classes.  She brings out all my creativity and her studio is honestly magical.  Cynthia’s talent as an artist and an art teacher is truly outstanding.

Lesley West

Croatia Art Tour

To view the itinerary for the trip visit >>>

Qualifications of Art Teacher

Artists Model by Cynthia HargravesCynthia Hargraves has been tutoring art classes in Oxenford since 2003. She has a Bachelor Education and Diploma of Teaching and is a Master Pastellist with the Pastel Society of Australia. She has studied overseas with world renown Sally Strand and Clayton J Beck III ( taught by Richard Schmidt ). Cynthia teachers Art workshops both nationally and internationally. She is a blue card holder and registered teacher. Her paintings are sold worldwide and much of her work is done through commissions. Cynthia regularly exhibits her paintings and more information on her events and work can been seen from the artist page.

Care of Pastel Painting

• Hang painting away from any direct sunlight. Any sunlight hitting the glass will create a build up of moisture creating mildew, discolour the matt surrounding the painting and will also fade the colours of the painting.
• When transporting the painting always travel with it laying on its back ( the picture wire side ).
• Never lay the painting face side down.
• This painting has been created with the highest professional quality products available on the market.
• This painting has a Life Time Guarantee so if there are any defects resulting from any problems in manufacturers materials etc other than accidents or negligence on owners part please return it to me for correction.

Recipe for Clear Primer

1 cup acrylic gel
1/3 cup pumice or marble dust
¼ cup water

Photo editing your Paintings
1. Download free software by Google
2. Once you open your new software you must import your photos.
3. To Import your photos. Hopefully photos of your paintings are in the Picture folder. Click the Import button / click ‘Select Device’ button/click ‘Folder’ button. See’ Look in’ - click down arrow to right of these words. Highlight Pictures folder and find what you want then hit ‘Open” or simply highlight ‘Pictures’ and click button at bottom – ‘Import All’
4. Your pictures should all appear when you click the arrow beside “Folders” button
5. Click the photo you want to resize – a blue line will appear around the photo. Now you can re size it in this next step
How do I resize my photos?
To reduce the size (in pixels) of the photos you send over email, just follow these steps:
1. Open Picasa.
2. Click Tools > Options > Email.Please select the program that is right for you. I use incredimail so I do not select windows mail (outlook express). I click let me choose.
3. Under Output Options, set the slide bar under 'When sending more than one photo, resize to:' to the desired pixel size.
4. Set the 'When sending single pictures, resize to:' option to 480 pixels, as above (XXX is the number of pixels you selected with the slide bar).
5. Click OK.
Now, your recipients should be able to view your images more easily.
6. Now you should be back to the window viewing your photos.
7. Click your photo once or twice that you want to resize and send as an email. A blue line should appear around the photo if you have done it correctly.
8. Now Click’ File’ (top left of page)/click Open Files in an editor/Click email.
9. A window called Attach files appears. Click picture size/click smaller 640x480/click attach
10. Now this should open your email up with this attachment ready to send to me for your website.
Please note that in this software you can do alot of editing. Read the information in the help button on top right and follow the steps. I did this in order to show you how to work this software as I usually use Picture manager from the Microsoft windows office bundle.

Please let me know if you have problems so I may help you.

Use Of Erasers with Pastels

Soft Kneadable Erasers - good for lifting pastel after stiff bristle brush or tissue has flaked pastel from surface.
Good for collecting pastel and applying in shadows ex fur

Medium firmness erasers like Rowney Kneadable eraser. Good for reflections on water. Erasing and redefining edges. Removing pastel to let paper form darks or provide needed colour.

Hard eraser Consistency of school eraser. Great for completely removing pastel and redefining areas giving difficulty.

Genre Suited Pastel Paper

Canson Paper - terracotta,ivy ocean(green),burgundy,black,sand,indigo,royal blue,lavender blue,twilight,choose main colour in subject
Colourfix - deep ultra,storm blue,greens,choose main colour in subject

Canson Paper -tobacco,dark,grey,burgundy, terracotta,browns,twilight,choose main colour in subject
Colourfix - burnt umber,terracotta,choose main colour in subject

Still Life
Canson Paper - Terracotta, twilight, mid-dark colours, choose main colour in subject
Colourfix - terracotta, aubergine, mid-darks,choose main colour in subject

Canson Paper - Greys,sky blue,choose main colour in subject
Colourfix - greys, blue haze, deep ultra, aubergine, elephant,leaf green dark,fresh grey,rose grey, choose main colour in subject

Canson Paper -Honeysuckle, grey pale, medium, dark, war,or cool, green, hemp, ambe, ochre, or tan, moonstone,ivy ocean(green), black, darkest brown, green, blue, maroon, choose main colour in subject
Colourfix - rose grey, terracotta, green, black, choose main colour in subject

Canson paper - Red,mauve,grey, green, pink, black terracotta,sand,ivy ocean(green), choose main colour in subject
Colourfix - burgundy,aubergine,rose grey,leaf green, dark, choose main colour in subject

Canson Paper - twilight,sand,choose main colour in subject
Colourfix - aubergine,elephant,choose main colour in subject

Canson Paper - Black,burgundy,choose main colour in subject
Colourfix - Black, burnt Umber, choose main colour in subject.

Outdoor Painting Checklist

• Easel – best if is also portable
• Board to tape canvas sheets to or can just use stretch canvas
• Masking tape
• Clean rags, Viva absorbent paper towels
• Apron optional
• View finder, mirror, tonal gauge
• Willow charcoal, sketch book
• Low Odour Turps ( woolies)
• Damar varnish
• Stand Linseed oil
• Clean empty jars small and large
• Omo (to clean brushes)
• Large palette for mixing colours
• Palette knives
• Newspaper
• String to wind up round brushes to dry
• Large fruit juice tin with wire mesh at bottom to clean brushes
• Set of brushes – smaller nos for smaller canvasses
Rounds, flats,filberts 3 or 4 of each is good

Oil Paints
Winsor and Newton
Cadmium lemon yellow (cool)
Cadmium yellow pale or Aureolin yellow
Cadmium yellow deep
Cadmium red
Yellow ochre pale
Terra Rosa
Venetian red
Pale Alizarin Crimson
Rembrandt – Talens
Cadmium yellow deep
Transparent oxide red
Cobalt blue light
Ultramarine blue
Titanium white ( or another brand name)

Outdoor Painting Equipment

• Hat, grey clothes, sunglasses, (optional - sunscreen, aeroguard)
• Bag or basket (opt lunch, drink), camera essential
• 2 quarter size canson sheets, 2 light boards same size with 10 tissues between boards 10 butcher paper sheets on top of first board with about 10 quarter size sheets of canson or colourfix on top of butcher paper all of which is clamped down by fold-back clips. These are of various colours - terracotta, aubergine, dark blues, dusky pinks etc
• Pastels in fishing tackle box ( about $6.00 from Kmart)
• Pastels should have a good range of greens - blue green, yellow green, grey greens in different ranges, black, range of yellow, red ,orange, wide range of blues in shades and browns and purple tones. Darks in all colours. Greys in various shades and tones, white. Pastels kept in tackle box in ground rice to keep clean and sponge on top
• NOTE : I find Art Spectrum good colours for Australian landscape, Rowney - purple brown and grey pink, Unison -(Baby poo) orangy yellow for tops of trees, Schminke is a wonderful brand but could chip away with other colours. Faber Castell box of 72 half stick of soft variety are wonderful and sell for about $50.00 Also faber castell hards are good
• On top of pastel containers lid I have a sample of each colour with a tonal range which I find helpful
• Dermex, viewfinder, brush, eraser, charcoal, tonal gauge, masking tape, and a damp rag in plastic bag to wipe hands
• Ink - black, sepia or burnt sienna and baby jar for water. This is to put in darks quickly in the underpainting of your work.
• Small box of tissues also good or wet ones. Small plastic box ground rice with rubber band around to clean pastels at end of session
• Small sketch pad about A5 size with pencil or willow charcoal. I like those peel type charcoal pencils
• Optional apron ( I like the pastel society apron as it has a useful pocket in front ) I find an apron very useful to wipe my hands on when changing colours. Optional mask, groundcover to collect any pieces of pastel that may drop. I use a clean chaff bag under my painting area so I don't lose pastels in longer grass
• Optional in my box easel I also have those round discs you put under legs of tables. I put them under my easel so my easel does not sink in the sand.
• Note that if not walking too far from car to painting subject a portable easel is fine. Even a converted tripod which is light to carry is great. If you prefer you can simply sit and paint with board on lap proped up with a stick with notches. Or a board with strap around your shoulders. The disadvantages of this is that you can't get further away from you work to keep checking it without putting it all down.
• Optional - brush, baby jar for water, small bottle of ink -black, burnt sienna

Outdoor Painting Checklist

I get so excited when I find a great painting spot that I forget what to bring out of the car and what proceedure to follow so I find this list essential to have with me.

• Before leaving car have your camera, viewfinder, tonal gauge on you.
• Find subject using viewfinder - photo in best light
• Set up equipment, groundcover, apron etc
• Use viewfinder - sketch different angles and indicate the direction of sun with arrow otherwise the sun will have changed completely by the time you are finished. Use tonal gauge. Check composition - focal point. Choose! Photo again
• Dermex hands
• RE-check tonals, composition. Consider what edges you want and where.
• Sketch subject, choose colours.
• Underlay tonals ( re-check using gauge) Build up
• Complete each area FULLY BEFORE jumping to next area
• RELAX! BREATHE! Stand back from painting often to check work - tones correct? Composition, focal point, colours edges etc.

Pastel With Acrylic Varnish Finish
Advantages Of This Method
Saves on framing costs - no need to have a glassed frame or even a timber frame if desired
Easier to transport safely once packaged securely
Opens up pastels to be more user friendly to artists and the public in purchasing them as the varnish makes them less fragile
Gives artist the confidence to explore new techniques and loosen their style more easily
Stimulates the need to be more conscious of tones
It is really exciting and a very forgiving medium to explore
Materials Needed
Either stretched canvas, canvas on board, just canvas sheets or MDF primed with pastel primer
Bottle for mixture, brush
Pastels, tonal chart, scrap paper, willow charcoal to sketch subject
Fixative Spray, Matt Spray
Acrylic colours of your choice to prime canvas
Your choice of Gesso, White Primer (AS), Clear Primer
Varnish recipe made up as follows
Varnish Recipe
half Acrylic Matt Varnish-Matisse is not too expensive (e.g. 1 cup)
half Acrylic Gloss Varnish - Matisse (e.g. 1 cup)
A quarter of the total mixture is water (e.g. If 1 cup of matt and 1 cup of gloss = 2 cups then a quarter of this total quantity is half a cup. This is the amount of water you would use.
NB Store this either in an air tight jar or in an air tight plastic spray bottle. You will find the mixture is a bit gluggy to fine spray successfully. To counteract this problem look at the procedure. This gloss is water soluble.
Prime the canvas with Gesso for a very white glow.
If you want a particular background colour use an Acrylic colour ( I have found that the lighter the background colour the better the results. A medium to dark colour darkens the pastel too much )
You can under paint the canvas with pastels, blocking in subject matter very lightly and loosely applying water to spread the pastel. Then add Matt spray and Clear Primer or you could use a mixture of gesso, acrylic colour and fine marble dust mixed together and painted on the canvas. Let this dry which will not take long.
If you like to darken the dark areas of your painting DON'T use Ink use a dark or black acrylic paint. Again dark under paint is NOT recommended - test this for yourself. The reason for this is when the varnish touches the ink it weeps and spreads and any pastel that you had applied on the dry ink disappears into a mass of black!!!!!!!!!! The lightest areas of your painting is best to keep on a white gesso background (this lessens the tendency to darken the very light pastels)
As the pastel colours will darken sometimes up to 2 value tones (this depends more on how thickly you applied the pastel -the thicker the less the darkening - Best to select colours and apply varnish to one section of the pastel - test on a strip of paper or canvas
Do the undercoat of your painting. You can use fixative to lay down some of the layers of pastel as you work your way up.
When you are happy with your under painting then spray it well with Matt Spray - just enough to make sure if you touch it the pastel does not come off on your finger.
Apply the mixed varnish- for best results apply the varnish with a brush. Rinse the varnished brush in water when finished and dry your brush. Drying time is about 10-15 mins depending of how thickly you applied the varnish and the weather.
Second coat of your painting - You will notice that the colours have faded or darkened into the background colour if you used a dark undercoat. If they faded a lot you probably applied the pastel too thinly or you can leave these darkened tones and build up the rest of the painting. This method really stimulates you to use you pastels boldly - as the varnish will make them become more subdued so let you hair down and go wild. Again either use fixative between layers followed with Matt spray just before varnish application or leave the fixative out
Third coat of your painting - You may wish by this stage to just fix up some areas of you painting and not rework the whole lot. If so do as you need to finish again with the Matt Spray and final Varnish. You can have as many layers of this proceedure as you want but I have only included three. If your painting needs an extra glow to it you can use white or very light acrylic paint to highlight spots NB painting dries quickly but let it sit for a week just to make sure. However it will be touch dry in about 30 minutes.
Best Results For This Method
• Use gesso undercoat - have canvas very very white!
• Very lightly apply pastels to canvas and apply water to move pastel around. Keep this undercover in the lightest tones as they will darken and cover this with Matt spray and Clear Primer
• When dry build up your painting. Once happy with result ( remember keep everything light you are really working from light to dark with this method) apply Matt spray then either Clear Primer again for more texure or varnish. Note that if varnish coat gets too smooth to apply next coat of pastel then use the clear primer.
• If you are having difficulties with the colour being too dark don't waste your pastels use acrylic paint to lighten the area applying this directly over the clear primer or varnish and continue with your pastels
• In the later coats only use varnish or clear primer or acrylic to those sections needing work. Finish with varnish over completed work. Note you may wish to change the recipe for the varnish to only have matt varnish replacing the gloss because it is easier to photo when completed. This will be you decision.
You could use gouache but experiment with it first and its effects with the varnish. If you really want to use ink then a spray with the Matt Spray may be enough to seal it before the varnish but I would test this on the side first
This technique gives a rich intensity of colours great for atmosphere and mood. A wonderful way to explore the master’s way of doing portraits i.e. low key paintings.

Recipe Pastels with Varnish

½ cup acrylic matt varnish
½ cup acrylic gloss varnish
¼ cup water

Pastel Workstation

• Easel
• Board –size to suit painting-10 layers of newspaper + clips
• Mahl Stick
• Eraser – kneadable eraser, bristle brush
• Dermex or barrier cream
• Masking tape, scissors, ruler
• Clean rags, one damp rag to wipe fingers
• Apron
• L’s to frame work
• Sketch paper
• Protractor, string
• View finder
• Mirror
• Tonal gauge, tonal tags
• Pastels, pastel pencils, choices of canson or colourfix paper
• Willow charcoal, or sketch and peel
• Box photo material, magnifying glass
• White tissues to store work
• Styrofoam tray to place selected pastels on
• Small container to collect pastel dust
• Small container to collect pastel chips
• Plate,sieve,box of rice flour – to clean pastels
• Credit card to seal work or use steam iron method
• Fixative or Mat spray

Preparing Pastel Painting for Framing-Sealing your Pastel Painting

1. The Painting is taken outside shaken and tapped on it's back.
2.The painting is then laid on flat clean surface and a sheet of glassine paper (this is a waxy type of paper available from art shops) or tissue paper is place on the front of the painting.
3.Either use a straight edged ruler or credit card held at 45 degree angle and slide it towards you. This is compressing the fine grains of pigment deeper into the paper surface.
4. Do this procedure at least 3 times before framing.

Yet another method is using a steam iron to steam the surface of the pastel painting. It does not discolour the pastel but sets it and any spray dots are touched away when dry.

Recipe Textured Paper 1

2/3 cup gesso and colour
1/3 cup water
4 teaspoons pumice or
Marble dust

Recipe Textured Paper 2

Spray adhesive on paper
(either watercolour paper or
Sprinkle pumice dust or
Marble dust. Let dry

Computer Software for Artists
Recommend using Mozilla Firefox not internet explorer for safety while browsing on the internet and using AVG free version Avast and use Windows Defender which is also free for spy wear help.
Artworks – keeps track of your paintings, name, dimension, their history- who sold it to, what prize it won, what gallery did you show it in or exhibition and where. Where is it now. Clients, important websites,advertisting, good printers,art transporters or shippers etc. List of art exhibition venues etc
Photo editor inexpensive (really is free) Picasa. Otherwise – Microsoft Office Home and Student 2007 has Photo Manager in it which is good. Photoshop and Fireworks also fine to use but more complex as do many other things.
• Website photos should be no larger than 400 pixels at widest or longest length.
• To learn more about software or how to build a website or promote it
• Art Business websites that are good
i) Australia Business Arts Foundation
ii) Artist Career - business information,professional and career advice for artists
iii) Queensland Artworkers Alliance
iv) Pastel Society of Australia
b) Helpful art tips on painting techniques visit my website
c) Building your own website – Pros and Cons. You can build your own but the design element that you like can make it very search engine unfriendly. If you want a really professional job I recommend
d) Purchasing art supplies overseas. Websites you can trust , for pastel boxes, a SanClemente art supply shop. also reliable and good prices. Don’t deal with anyone who asks for copy of drivers license, credit card account and or passport details.


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